In all social studies courses, knowledge and skills depend upon and enrich each other while emphasizing potential connections and applications. In addition to the skills specific to social studies, there are skills that generally enhance students' abilities to learn, to make decisions, and to develop as competent, self-directed citizens that can be all the more meaningful when used and developed within the context of the social studies.

It is important that students be exposed to a continuum of skill development from kindergarten through grade twelve. As they encounter and reencounter these core skills in a variety of environments and contexts that are intellectually and developmentally appropriate, their competency in using them increases.


Skill Competency Goal 1 The learner will acquire strategies for reading social studies materials and for increasing social studies vocabulary.


1.01 Read for literal meaning.

1.02 Summarize to select main ideas.

1.03 Draw inferences.

1.04 Detect cause and effect.

1.05 Recognize bias and propaganda.

1.06 Recognize and use social studies terms in written and oral reports.

1.07 Distinguish fact and fiction.

1.08 Use context clues and appropriate sources such as glossaries, texts, and dictionaries to gain meaning.

Skill Competency Goal 2 The learner will acquire strategies to access a variety of sources, and use appropriate research skills to gather, synthesize, and report information using diverse modalities to demonstrate the knowledge acquired.


2.01 Use appropriate sources of information.

2.02 Explore print and non-print materials.

2.03 Utilize different types of technology.

2.04 Utilize community-related resources such as field trips, guest speakers, and interviews.

2.05 Transfer information from one medium to another such as written to visual and statistical to written.

2.06 Create written, oral, musical, visual, and theatrical presentations of social studies information.

Skills Competency Goal 3 The learner will acquire strategies to analyze, interpret, create, and use resources and materials.


3.01 Use map and globe reading skills.

3.02 Interpret graphs and charts.

3.03 Detect bias.

3.04 Interpret social and political messages of cartoons.

3.05 Interpret history through artifacts, arts, and media.

Skill Competency Goal 4 The learner will acquire strategies needed for applying decision-making and problem-solving techniques both orally and in writing to historic, contemporary, and controversial world issues.


4.01 Use hypothetical reasoning processes.

4.02 Examine, understand, and evaluate conflicting viewpoints.

4.03 Recognize and analyze values upon which judgments are made.

4.04 Apply conflict resolutions.

4.05 Predict possible outcomes.

4.06 Draw conclusions.

4.07 Offer solutions.

4.08 Develop hypotheses.

Skill Competency Goal 5 The learner will acquire strategies needed for effective incorporation of computer technology in the learning process.


5.01 Use word processing to create, format, and produce classroom assignments/projects.

5.02 Create and modify a database for class assignments.

5.03 Create, modify, and use spreadsheets to examine real-world problems.

5.04 Create nonlinear projects related to the social studies content area via multimedia presentations.


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